Role of Computers in the Evolution of Graphic Design

Graphic design is a vital part of our culture and the way we communicate. It’s a visual art form that has grown from simple pen-and-ink sketches to complex computer programs that can create stunning images on the screen.

Although computers have not been used in graphic design since the beginning of time, they have played an important role in the evolution of this field over recent years—especially as it pertains to creating images with stunning detail and accuracy.

Computers have also helped make graphic design easier to learn and use. They have made it possible for anyone to create beautiful images without having to know how to draw or paint.

In this article, we will look at some of the ways that computers have changed graphic design over the years.

The Earliest Graphic Design

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Graphic design is the process of visually communicating ideas and solving problems. It can be used to communicate a message or idea to an audience by using words, numbers, and images.

Graphic designers often use typography (the art of arranging type), photographic images, and illustrations to create visual designs for printed materials such as books or magazines; they also create websites, video games, signs, and posters.

Graphic design began with the development of writing systems; early examples include cuneiform tablets that were inscribed in clay using a stylus to create pictographs (signs representing objects) around 3500 BC in Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq).

In 1450 AD, Johannes Gutenberg invented movable type, which allowed for the quick spread of graphical literacy across Europe because one printer could make many copies from a single original plate.

The first true graphic designers came from the graphics departments at publishing companies who applied their skillset to advertising agencies during World War II so companies could better sell their products.

In 1947, Alexey Brodovitch founded his own school called New York School Of Fine Arts (NYSFA) where he taught aspiring artists how to draw realistically before moving onto more abstract styles later on down their career path.

Graphic Design in the 1970s

Burger King’s 1970s “Have it your way” ad

The 1970s saw the first computer-aided design program, which was used for desktop publishing. This marked the beginning of a trend that continues today: designers use computers in their work.

With the advent of computers, designers could create new and unique pieces with a minimum of effort. They could also transfer their designs onto fabrics and other materials more easily than before.

The advent of computers also led to the creation of the first digital fonts. These fonts could be used on any type of device, including computers and mobile phones. With this new technology, designers were able to create more interesting designs for their clients. They could also make changes quickly if needed.

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Graphic Design in the 1980s

Michael Jackson’s concert poster in the 1980s

The role of computers in graphic design has been a significant one. In the 1980s, the computer revolution was still in its infancy, but it had already begun to change how we think about graphic design.

Graphic designers began using computers for all kinds of tasks: creating logos and branding for companies; designing posters and advertisements; producing brochures, magazines, and books; even designing websites!

The 1980s were also a time when graphic designers began to experiment with new forms of communication.

The explosion of social media was just around the corner, but in this decade we saw the rise of design-based advertising campaigns that focused on getting people to think about their attitudes and beliefs through cleverly crafted messages.

The takeover of computers in the design field

In the early 1980s, computer technology started to become more popular with graphic designers. The use of computers made it easier for graphic designers to create high-quality designs quickly without having much experience or education in art or design.

Many graphic designers started using computers as their main tools for creating designs. As a result, the field of graphic design started to evolve into a more digital-focused profession that required less skill and knowledge about art and design than it did before computers came along.

Computers have taken over the graphic design field, and it’s not hard to see why. Computer graphics are more versatile and better quality than traditional methods, they are cheaper and more accessible to everyone. The advantages of using computers in the design field include:

  • Speed – Computers can process information much faster than humans can do it by hand. For example, if you want to make an image on a computer screen look like it has been drawn with pencil or crayon then you have to program your software so that when you press “paint”, it will create realistic brush strokes on its own accord (and not just random splodges). This would take hours if done manually but only seconds for a computerized program such as Adobe Photoshop.
  • Efficiency – The best thing about using computers is that they can be more efficient than humans. Computers don’t get fatigued or bored by repetitive tasks.
  • Quality – Computers can produce a higher quality of work than humans. This is because they are more accurate and consistent with their work. Computers don’t get distracted by anything around them, so they can spend hours on end working at full capacity without getting bored or distracted by something else.

Graphic Design in the 1990s

Jurassic Park movie poster in 1994

In the 1990s, graphic design was a new field. It combined art and technology to create visual communications for print, web, and multimedia projects. The interest in this field increased during this time period because people were more aware of its importance in society.

Photoshop 1.0 was released in 1990, and since then it has become one of the most popular design tools. The internet was also a growing technology, which allowed graphic designers to create websites and advertisements for clients.

In this decade, we saw the rise of design-based advertising campaigns that focused on getting people to think about their attitudes and beliefs through cleverly crafted messages.

Graphic designers were working on many different types of projects such as advertisements, magazines, and books.

The use of computers made it easier for graphic designers to create high-quality designs quickly without having much experience or education in art or design.

The skills required by a graphic designer have changed greatly over time due to technological advancements such as computer software programs like Photoshop which can help them create 3D images easily instead of drawing everything out manually as artists used to before computers came along!

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Graphic Design in the 2000s

World famous poster of Barack Obama during the 2008 presidential campaign

The 2000s were a decade of change for graphic design, with the rise of new digital technologies and the emergence of a new generation of designers.

This era saw the rapid development of computer-aided design (CAD) software that allowed for more innovative ways to use computers in design. Web design was also revolutionized by CSS, which enabled designers to create websites without having to code HTML manually.

App design began gaining popularity during this time period as well, allowing people who had never been able to afford or learn how to use traditional graphic design tools to access them through their smartphones or tablets instead.

Motion graphics became another important part of visual communication as well; these animations have become increasingly sophisticated over time due to advances in technology like motion capture and 3D modeling tools such as Maya/3DS Max.

Graphic Design in the present time

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In the present time, the field of graphic design has become even more complex and sophisticated. The amount of information that people are exposed to on a daily basis has increased dramatically, and so has the need for designers who can make sense of it all.

In addition, many companies have started outsourcing their graphic design work to countries outside of the US, which has led to an influx of new ideas from other cultures that may not be compatible with what American consumers are used to seeing.

These factors have contributed to an increase in demand for graphic designers who are skilled at creating visually appealing and accurate designs that appeal to a variety of audiences.

In the present scenario of graphic design, computers have become the most important tools for designers. The computer is used to create graphics, logos, and other designs that can be printed or displayed on websites.

It has also made it possible for graphic designers to work from home and in many cases, earns a living by doing freelance work online.

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Evolution of Graphic Design

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The field of graphic design has evolved over time with the development of new technologies such as computers which have opened up more opportunities for designers to express themselves creatively.

Computer graphics are used by designers today as tools for communication because they allow them to create images quickly without having to spend time on tedious manual labor like drawing each line individually by hand or painting each color onto the canvas with a brush (which would take hours!).

The first computer graphics were simple and did not require much skill. They were used for things like filling in black-and-white line art, creating flat colored shapes, and adding basic text to a page.

As computers became more advanced and powerful, designers started using them to create more complex images that required more skill than simply pressing buttons on a keyboard.

From the 1970s to 2023, computer graphics became more sophisticated and advanced. While the first versions were simple, today’s computer graphics are so complex that they can be used to create almost any image imaginable—and they do it with amazing speed and accuracy!

Role of computers in the evolution of Graphic Design

Image Credit: Freepik

Computers have changed the way we work, design, communicate, and live. They have also changed how we think and learn.

The computer revolution has given graphic designers access to software that was once only available to professional photographers or artists. Now, anyone with a computer can make high-quality graphics using programs such as Photoshop, Illustrator, and InDesign.

These programs allow users to create images using layers that can be manipulated individually or together.

This allows for more creative freedom in designing images than traditional methods such as drawing on paper or painting directly onto canvas allowed for since these mediums could not be altered after being created unless they were destroyed completely – destroying a part of the artwork itself!


One of the most important aspects of graphic design is its ability to communicate ideas, concepts, and messages in a clear and concise manner. As technology evolves, so does the way we use it in our everyday lives. The advent of computers has helped designers to create more complex and accurate designs than ever before possible with traditional methods such as hand drawing or painting.

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What is the role of computers in graphic design?

The role of computers in graphic design is to help designers create and produce their work. The computer provides a medium for them to store their designs and also lets them easily manipulate them with the click of a button.

How the computer changed the graphic design?

Before the computer, graphic designers used to work with large and expensive publishing systems. With the advent of desktop publishing, graphic designers were able to create and edit their designs at home on personal computers. This made it possible for graphic designers to be more flexible in their work and to offer more affordable services to their clients.

What computer company revolutionized graphic design?

Apple revolutionized graphic design by offering the first computer with a graphical user interface, which allowed users to interact with their computers using a mouse and icons on a screen. This type of interface is now considered standard, and all computers have them.

How was a graphic design made before computers?

Before the advent of computers, graphic designers used a variety of tools to create and fine-tune their work. They would use pens and pencils to draw their designs on paper, then trace them onto acetate sheets that could be used in offset printing. They might also use folders and glue to create mock-ups of their designs on paper.

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